Nitazoxanide is indicated for the treatment of diarrhea which is caused by Cryptosporidium or Giardia protozoa. When diarrhea persists for more than 7 days, protozoa are suspected as the underlying cause. Nitazoxanide belongs to the class of antiprotozoal agents and exerts its therapeutic effect by inhibiting the growth of specific protozoa that are responsible for inducing diarrhea.
Uses and Dosage
To ensure optimal efficacy, take this medication orally with food, as instructed by your physician, usually every 12 hours for a duration of 3 days.
If you are using the liquid form of this medication, make sure to shake the bottle well before administering each dose. Use a specialized measuring device or spoon to accurately measure the dose, rather than a regular household spoon, to ensure you receive the correct amount.
Children who are 11 years old or younger should take the liquid form of nitazoxanide instead of tablets, with the dose being determined by their age.
To maintain a consistent level of medication in your body, take antibiotics at regular intervals.
Complete the entire course of medication as prescribed by your doctor, even if symptoms subside after a few doses. Discontinuing the treatment prematurely could lead to a recurrence of the infection.
Should your condition persist or worsen, inform your physician immediately.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- stomach pain
- discolored urine
Prior to initiating treatment with nitazoxanide, inform your physician or pharmacist of any allergic reactions you may have had to this medication or other substances. This product may contain inactive ingredients that can elicit allergic reactions or other complications.
Before utilizing this medication, notify your healthcare provider or pharmacist of your medical history, especially if you have a compromised immune system (such as HIV infection).
The liquid formulation of this medication contains sugar. If you have diabetes, please exercise caution while using this product. Seek advice from your physician or pharmacist regarding the safe use of this medication.
During pregnancy, this medication should only be used when it is absolutely necessary. Discuss the potential risks and benefits with your physician.
It is currently unknown whether this medication passes into breast milk. Consult with your physician prior to breastfeeding.
Form and Strength
Alinia is available in the following forms and strengths:
How long does it take for Alinia to work?
Alinia will start working against the diarrhea-causing organisms within a few hours after your first dose. However, you might not feel the effects of the medication right away.
Does Alinia turn urine yellow?
Yes, yellow (or yellow-green) urine is a normal and common side effect of Alinia.