Eslicarbazepine is administered concomitantly with other pharmacological agents to effectively manage focal (partial) seizures, which specifically affect localized regions of the brain. Eslicarbazepine belongs to a class of pharmaceuticals known as anticonvulsants, designed to modulate and mitigate epileptic activity. Its mechanism of action involves the reduction of abnormal neuronal excitation within the cerebral cortex.
Uses and Dosage
Eslicarbazepine is available in tablet form for oral administration. Strictly adhere to the prescribed instructions when taking eslicarbazepine. Altering the dosage by taking more or less than prescribed, or increasing the frequency of administration, is not recommended.
The tablets may be swallowed whole or crushed if preferred.
Typically, your doctor will initiate treatment with a low initial dose of eslicarbazepine, which may be gradually increased after one week. If necessary for effective seizure control, the doctor may consider further dosage adjustments at least one week later.
While eslicarbazepine can aid in managing seizures, it does not offer a cure for the underlying condition. Continue taking eslicarbazepine even if you feel well. Discontinuing eslicarbazepine without consulting your doctor, even in the presence of severe side effects such as significant behavioral or mood changes, can result in a higher frequency or worsening of seizures. If discontinuation becomes necessary, your doctor will likely recommend a gradual reduction of the dosage.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- difficulty with balance
- fast, repeated eye movements that you cannot control
- excessive tiredness
- forgetfulness or memory loss
- difficulty concentrating
- slowed thinking or movement
- speech problems
- uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body
- stomach pain
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- infections that come and go or do not go away
- swollen glands
- sores in the mouth or around the eyes
- swelling of the eyes, faces, lips, tongue, mouth, or throat
- difficulty breathing or swallowing
- seizures that happen more often or are worse than before
- difficulty walking
- muscle weakness or spasms
- unusual bruising or bleeding
- yellowing of the skin or eyes
- loss of appetite
- pain in the upper right part of the stomach
- blurred or double vision
Prior to initiating eslicarbazepine treatment, inform your doctor or pharmacist about any known allergies to eslicarbazepine, oxcarbazepine, carbamazepine, or any other substances. This product may contain inactive ingredients that can elicit allergic reactions or other adverse effects.
Before using this medication, disclose your medical history to your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have a history of kidney disease, liver disease, or imbalances in essential minerals, such as low blood sodium levels.
This medication may induce dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. Consumption of alcohol or marijuana can exacerbate these effects. Refrain from driving, operating machinery, or engaging in activities that require alertness or clear vision until you can safely do so.
Older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of this medication, particularly dizziness or impaired coordination.
During pregnancy, the use of this medication should only be considered when absolutely necessary, as it may pose risks to the unborn baby. However, untreated seizures present a serious condition that can harm both the pregnant woman and her fetus. Do not discontinue this medication unless specifically directed by your doctor. If pregnancy is planned, confirmed, or suspected, promptly discuss with your doctor the potential benefits and risks associated with the use of this medication during pregnancy.
Hormonal birth control may be less effective when taken concomitantly with this medication, consult with your doctor regarding reliable forms of contraception.
This medication passes into breast milk. Prior to breastfeeding, consult your doctor for guidance and advice.
Form and Strength
Aptiom is available in the following forms and strengths:
When is the best time to take Aptiom?
Take Aptiom once daily, at the same time every day. Some people might prefer to take it in the evening, since it tends to cause side effects, such as dizziness, headache, and sleepiness.
Can Aptiom cause depression?
Aptiom can cause changes in mood, feelings, or thoughts. Rarely, it can even make people feel suicidal. These side effects can happen from other antiepileptic (anti-seizure) medications as well.