Bactrim DS Uses
Bactrim DS tablet (sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim or TMP/SMX) is a brand-name antibiotic drug. It is prescribed to treat bacterial infections in the ears, lungs, throat, stomach, and urinary tract, among other places.
Bactrim DS is a double-strength pill that combines sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. Their mechanism of action helps each other to be more effective. This drug works well together because it prevents the production of folic acid, which is necessary for bacterial multiplication. As a result, this medicine kills bacteria while also limiting their growth.
Bactrim DS Dosage
TMP/SMX DS tablet dosage and frequency vary from person to person, depending on health, age, and tolerance. This medication comes in a tablet form of Bactrim DS 800/160 mg.
The recommended dose for ear infections, urinary tract infections (UTIs), acute pyelonephritis, and bronchitis is an 800/160 mg tablet twice daily for 10 to 14 days. With a similar dose to administer, a five-day duration is advised in managing shigellosis and traveler’s diarrhea, and three days for uncomplicated cystitis.
The suggested dose for children suffering from UTI, acute otitis media, and shigellosis is based on their weight at 4 mg/kg. This drug should be administered twice daily at 12-hour intervals for 5 to 10 days.
Adult and pediatric patients with Pneumocystis Pneumonia should be given a dosage of 15 to 20 mg/kg/day, every six hours, for 14 to 21 days. Bactrim should be taken once a day to prevent an infection from developing.
Directions on how to use Bactrim DS
Follow your doctor’s instructions for taking Bactrim DS. Before using this medication, make sure you read and understand all of the directions and information that came with it. If there is anything that confuses you or if you have any questions about this drug, you should contact your healthcare provider.
This drug should be taken orally, with food or milk, to prevent stomach upset. Swallow the whole pill with a cup of water and do not chew or crush the tablet. You need to drink plenty of water to prevent the formation of kidney stones.
Remember to take this medication regularly to avoid skipping a dosage. Making a note on your calendar may assist you in remembering to take your medicine. If you forget to take the Bactrim DS tablet, take it as soon as you remember. If it is due for your next dose, skip the missed dose and resume to your regular schedule in taking the medication.
Do not exceed your recommended dose unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Changing the medication’s dosage and frequency is not recommended due to the increased risk of developing resistance to this treatment. Consult your doctor if you need to make any changes.
Bactrim DS Side Effects
The most common sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim DS side effects are as follows:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Decreased or loss of appetite
- Skin rash
If any of these side effects worsen over time or if you develop any of the following adverse events, contact your doctor right away:
- Muscle weakness
- Kidney problems: changes in the amount of urine, presence of blood in the urine
- Weight gain
- Persistent headache
- Irregular heart rate
- Trouble breathing
- Severe diarrhea (bloody or watery)
- Unbearable stomach pain
- Yeast infection (mouth or genitals)
- Low blood sugar symptoms: increased thirst, dry mouth, fruity breath odor, sweating. confusion
- Low blood cells count: fever, cold-clammy skin, unusual bleeding, easy bruising
This list does not include all of the drug’s health risks.
Precautions when using Bactrim DS
- Ensure that you have fully disclosed your medical history to your doctor, especially if you have kidney disease, blood disorders, G6PD deficiency, or severe liver problems, as this can exacerbate your medical condition.
- Do not use this medication if you are allergic to sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, or other components. Keep an eye out for any allergic reactions, such as skin rashes, hives, swelling of the face and lips, throat tightness, or difficulty breathing. You should seek medical attention as soon as these signs and symptoms emerge.
- When going outside, be careful because this medication may make you more prone to sunburn. When going out, it’s best to avoid direct exposure to sunlight and wear protective clothing and sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher).
- Tell your doctor about your medications and supplements, especially if you are on blood thinner medications, as drug interactions can have negative health implications.
- Do not discontinue using this drug without first consulting your doctor. This could increase your chances of getting a new bacterial infection that is resistant to this medicine.
- Use caution when administering this drug to older adults (65 years and above) because they are likely to experience more side effects.
- Complete all necessary blood tests before and after the therapy. Inform all healthcare professionals that you are using this drug. All results should be reported to your physician for proper management.
- Consult your physician if you are pregnant because this drug may affect your unborn baby.
- Keep this item out of children’s reach and keep it safe.
How much does Bactrim DS cost?
Candrugstore.com offers an affordable price on this prescription drug. Check out the top of this page for more information.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is it safe to take Bactrim DS with kidney problems?
Bactrim DS should be used with caution when you have kidney disease to avoid aggravating your current condition. Consult your doctor for dose adjustments. Bear in mind that if you have a severe kidney problem, do not use this medication.
Can I stop using Bactrim DS when I am feeling better?
No, you should finish the prescribed duration of treatment of Bactrim DS, even if you feel better. Stopping it may cause recurrence of infection, which can be hard to treat with this drug.
Can Bactrim DS cause diarrhea?
Results may vary depending on how your body responds to the medication. Diarrhea is usually experienced during treatment, and you should not take antidiarrheal drugs without talking to your doctor.
Is it safe to drink alcohol while taking Bactrim DS?
Certain medications can interfere with drugs’ effectiveness. Although there is no evidence whether it is safe to mix Bactrim DS and alcohol, it is best to talk to your doctor to avoid unwanted adverse reactions.
What are the foods to avoid while taking Bactrim DS?
Check all food and product labels if it contains the following when taking Bactrim DS orally or intravenously:
- Potassium-rich foods (banana, chocolate, milk, cooked spinach, potatoes, pumpkin)
- Propylene glycol (processed foods, soft drinks)