Cyclopentolate ophthalmic solution is administered to induce dilation of the pupil and temporary paralysis of the eye as a preparatory measure for ocular examinations. Classified as a mydriatic agent, cyclopentolate functions by selectively inhibiting specific receptors within the eye, thus facilitating transient relaxation or short-term paralysis of the ocular musculature.
Uses and Dosage
Cyclopentolate is available in the form of a liquid solution intended for ocular administration. Prior to undergoing an eye examination, your healthcare provider will apply this solution to your eye(s).
It typically takes approximately thirty minutes or longer for the effects of cyclopentolate ophthalmic to fully manifest following instillation. Generally, the effects persist for up to 24 hours. In certain individuals, the duration may extend to several days.
When administering cyclopentolate to a child, closely monitor them for at least 30 minutes after instillation. Infants should refrain from feeding for a period of 4 hours following the application of cyclopentolate.
Utilize cyclopentolate ophthalmic solely for ocular use and avoid swallowing the solution.
Exercise caution to prevent the tip of the bottle from making contact with your eye, fingers, face, or any other surfaces. If the tip does come into contact with another surface, it may introduce bacteria into the eye drops.
To administer the eye drops, the following steps should be followed:
- Thoroughly wash hands with soap and water.
- Do not allow the dropper tip to touch the eye or any other surface, and ensure that it is kept clean.
- Tilt the head back and pull down the lower lid of the eye using the index finger to form a pocket.
- Hold the dropper as close to the eye as possible without making contact, and brace the remaining fingers against the face.
- Squeeze the dropper gently to instill a single drop in the pocket created by the lower eyelid while looking upwards.
- Remove the index finger from the lower eyelid and keep the eye closed for 2-3 minutes while tilting the head down.
- Apply gentle pressure to the tear duct using a finger.
- Use a tissue to wipe off any excess liquid from the face.
- Wash hands to remove any residual medication.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- stinging, burning, or discomfort in the eye
- itching or redness of the eye
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- redness, swelling or other symptoms of pink eye
- problems with coordination (usually in children)
- slurred speech (usually in children)
- hyperactivity and other changes in behavior
- mental confusion
- failure to recognize people
- bloating of the abdomen (when used in infants)
- difficulty urinating
- decreased sweating
- dry mouth
Prior to initiating the use of cyclopentolate, inform your healthcare provider or pharmacist about any known allergies you may have, including allergies to cyclopentolate itself, belladonna alkaloids (such as atropine), or any other substances. This product might contain inactive ingredients, such as preservatives like benzalkonium chloride, which can potentially trigger allergic reactions or other complications.
Before using this medication, disclose your medical history to your doctor or pharmacist, particularly if you have a personal or family history of glaucoma (specifically the angle-closure type), Down’s syndrome, brain damage, or spastic paralysis (in children), as well as heart disease.
Following the application of this medication, your vision may temporarily become blurred. Refrain from driving, operating machinery, or engaging in activities that demand clear vision until you can safely do so.
This medication may heighten sensitivity to light in your eyes. Protect your eyes in bright light conditions and utilize dark sunglasses when outdoors.
Infants or young children may exhibit increased sensitivity to the side effects of this medication, especially changes in mental state or mood. If administering this medication to an infant, closely observe the child for 30 minutes after application.
Older adults may also display heightened sensitivity to the side effects of this medication, particularly an elevation in eye pressure.
During pregnancy, the use of this medication should be considered only if absolutely necessary. Discuss the potential risks and benefits with your doctor.
The passage of this drug into breast milk is not well understood. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding while using this medication.
Form and Strength
Cyclogyl is available in the following forms and strengths:
Cyclogyl eye drops:
cyclopentolate ophthalmic eye drops:
Can I use Cyclogyl if I wear contact lenses?
You will need to take out your contact lenses before your provider places Cyclogyl drops in your eyes. The preservatives in the medication can damage your contacts.
How long does it take for Cyclogyl to work?
This medication starts to work in minutes, and its effect usually lasts 24 hours or sometimes longer.