Galvus is a drug that contains vildagliptin as its active ingredient. This is an oral anti-hyperglycemic agent, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, used alone or combined with other medicines to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus by reducing incretin hormone inactivation.
What is Galvus used for?
- In patients whose diabetes is not well controlled by diet and exercise and are unable to take metformin;
- When metformin, a thiazolidinedione, or a sulphonylurea alone are insufficient to control diabetes, dual treatment is employed; however, it is only used in conjunction with a sulphonylurea in individuals who cannot take metformin.
- In combination with a sulfonylurea and metformin (triple treatment) in people whose diabetes is not managed adequately by these medications plus diet and exercise;
- In people whose diabetes is not controlled by diet and exercise with a consistent dosage of insulin (with or without metformin).
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This should be taken in the following amounts:
- Monotherapy is Galvus 50 mg or 100 mg every day.
- When used in tandem with Metformin or Thiazolidinedione, 50 mg twice a day (morning and evening) is recommended.
- When taken in tandem with Sulphonylurea, 50 mg once daily in the morning is recommended.
- There is a need to regularly monitor your blood glucose levels. Your doctor may change the dosage to control your diabetes.
- Your doctor will monitor your progress to ensure the effectiveness of this drug and discuss how long you should continue with treatment.
- If your doctor instructed you to stop using this medicine due to liver issues, refrain from retaking it.
Galvus Side Effects:
If any of the following adverse effects concern you, consult your doctor:
- Hands, ankles, and feet swelling
- Low blood sugar
- This is not an insulin substitute and should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes.
- Due to a lack of clinical expertise, individuals aged 75 and older should be treated with caution. Liver Function Tests should be monitored before starting this drug, at three monthly intervals for the first year and regularly after that.
Frequently Asked Questions:
-How long should I take Galvus?
Continue to take your medication for as long as your doctor advises.
-How does Galvus work?
It works by blocking the breakdown of ‘incretin’ hormones in the body. These hormones are produced after a meal, encouraging the pancreas to produce insulin. When blood glucose levels are high, Vildagliptin stimulates the pancreas to produce more insulin by increasing incretin hormone levels.