Sirolimus is utilized in conjunction with other medications to forestall the rejection of a transplanted kidney. This medication can also be employed to address a specific lung ailment known as lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). Sirolimus falls within the category of immunosuppressants, which operate by diminishing the potency of your body’s immune system. This effect aids in facilitating the assimilation of the new organ as if it were an inherent part of your body.
Uses and Dosage
Follow your doctor’s guidance and take this medication orally, usually once a day. Swallow the tablets whole—do not crush, chew, or split them. If you experience nausea or stomach discomfort, you can take the medication with food. Choose a consistent approach—either with food or without—and adhere to the chosen method for each dose.
The prescribed dosage is determined by factors including your weight, medical condition, results from laboratory tests like sirolimus trough levels, and your response to the treatment.
To derive the maximum benefit from this medication, take it regularly at the same time each day to aid your memory.
Do not exceed your prescribed dose or increase the frequency of administration beyond what your doctor has recommended. Doing so will not hasten your recovery and could elevate the risk of experiencing side effects. Do not halt usage of this medication without first consulting your doctor.
If you are concurrently taking cyclosporine, ensure there’s a four-hour interval between your cyclosporine dose and taking sirolimus. Consult your pharmacist for additional information.
While using this medication, avoid consuming grapefruit or grapefruit juice, unless specifically approved as safe by your doctor or pharmacist. Grapefruit can heighten the likelihood of encountering side effects when combined with this medication.
If you’re employing this medication to manage LAM, inform your doctor if your condition shows signs of worsening.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- stomach pain
- joint pain
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- swollen, red, cracked, scaly skin
- difficulty breathing or swallowing
- swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
Before commencing sirolimus, inform your doctor or pharmacist if you possess allergies to sirolimus, temsirolimus, or any other substances. This product could contain inactive constituents that have the potential to trigger allergic reactions or other complications.
Prior to initiating this medication, provide your medical history to your doctor or pharmacist, with particular attention to conditions such as liver disease, elevated cholesterol or triglyceride levels, a history of cancer, as well as recent or ongoing infections.
Sirolimus may heighten susceptibility to infections or exacerbate existing ones. Steer clear of individuals with contagious infections that are prone to easy transmission, such as chickenpox, COVID-19, measles, or the flu. Consult your doctor if you have been exposed to an infection or require further details.
Notify your healthcare provider of your use of sirolimus before undergoing any immunizations or vaccinations. Refrain from contact with individuals who have recently received live vaccines, including the flu vaccine administered through nasal inhalation.
Usage of this medication may elevate the risk of developing skin cancer. Limit your sun exposure, eschew tanning booths and sunlamps, and employ sunscreen while wearing protective clothing when venturing outdoors.
This medication can impact male fertility. For additional information, consult your doctor.
If you are pregnant or intend to conceive, promptly inform your doctor. Do not become pregnant while taking sirolimus, as it could potentially harm an unborn baby. Inquire about dependable forms of birth control during the course of sirolimus usage and for a span of 12 weeks following the last dose. Should pregnancy occur, urgently discuss the advantages and potential risks of this medication with your doctor.
This medication may enter breast milk and have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consequently, breastfeeding while on this medication is not recommended.
Form and Strength
Rapamune is available in the following forms and strengths:
How does Rapamune prevent rejection?
Rapamune stops a protein called mTOR, which your immune system needs in order to make fighter cells and antibodies. This results in a lower immune system that isn’t able to reject your new organ.
How long can you take Rapamune for?
You may have to take this medicine for the rest of your life to prevent your body from rejecting the kidney transplant.