Alfuzosin is prescribed for men to alleviate symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). These symptoms may encompass difficulties in urination such as hesitation, dribbling, a weak stream, incomplete bladder emptying, painful urination, frequent urination, and a sense of urgency. Alfuzosin belongs to a class of drugs called alpha blockers, functioning by relaxing the muscles in the prostate and bladder, facilitating smoother urine flow.
Uses and Dosage
Follow your doctor’s instructions when taking this medication, typically once daily after a meal. For optimal results, it’s best to take alfuzosin with food; taking it on an empty stomach may reduce its effectiveness.
Ingest the tablets whole; refrain from crushing or chewing them, as this may cause the entire dose to be released at once, increasing the risk of side effects.
Alfuzosin may induce a sudden drop in blood pressure, leading to dizziness or fainting, often occurring within hours of ingestion. This risk is heightened when initiating treatment or resuming it after a hiatus. During these periods, avoid situations where fainting could result in injury.
To mitigate the risk of dizziness or fainting, your doctor may recommend taking your initial dose of alfuzosin with food before bedtime. This approach allows your body to acclimate to the medication’s effects.
For optimal benefits, maintain a consistent schedule for taking this medication, choosing the same mealtime each day to help you remember.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- runny or stuffy nose
- stomach pain
- decrease in sexual ability
- sore throat, fever, chills, cough and other signs of infection
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
- difficulty swallowing or breathing
- chest pain
Before starting alfuzosin, inform your doctor or pharmacist about any allergies you may have, as this product may contain inactive ingredients that could cause allergic reactions or other complications.
Discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist before using this medication, particularly if you have a history of liver or kidney disease, heart problems such as angina or heart attack, low blood pressure, or certain eye conditions like cataracts or glaucoma.
Alfuzosin might potentially lead to a heart rhythm disorder known as QT prolongation, which, although rare, can result in severe and occasionally fatal fast or irregular heartbeats, along with symptoms like pronounced dizziness or fainting. Immediate medical attention is crucial if such symptoms arise. Your risk of experiencing QT prolongation may be elevated if you have low levels of potassium or magnesium in your blood, take specific medications (such as diuretics or “water pills”), or have conditions such as severe sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting.
This medication could induce dizziness. The consumption of alcohol or marijuana may exacerbate this dizziness. To prevent accidents, do not engage in activities that require alertness, like driving or operating machinery, until you can do so safely.
Older adults may be more susceptible to side effects from this medication, especially dizziness, low blood pressure when transitioning from sitting or lying down to standing, and QT prolongation. These side effects can also elevate the risk of falling.
If you are pregnant, use this medication only when it is clearly necessary, and discuss potential risks and benefits with your doctor.
The passage of this medication into breast milk is unknown. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Form and Strength
Uroxatral is available in the following forms and strengths:
Does Uroxatral shrink the prostate?
It does not shrink the prostate, but it works by relaxing the muscles in the prostate and the bladder. This helps to relieve symptoms of BPH such as difficulty in beginning the flow of urine, weak stream, and the need to urinate often or urgently.
How quickly does Uroxatral work?
Clinical studies show that people start to experience relief of prostate symptoms after a few days of taking Uroxatral. But you’ll probably need to take this medication for a month or longer to experience the most benefit.