Zolmitriptan is employed for alleviating the symptoms associated with migraine headaches. These migraines are typically characterized by severe throbbing head pain, often accompanied by symptoms such as nausea and heightened sensitivity to sound and light. Zolmitriptan belongs to a category of drugs known as selective serotonin receptor agonists. Its mechanism of action involves the constriction of blood vessels in the vicinity of the brain, interrupting the transmission of pain signals to the brain, and inhibiting the release of specific natural substances responsible for pain, nausea, and other migraine symptoms.
Uses and Dosage
Take this medication orally, with or without food, as prescribed by your doctor, at the initial indication of a migraine. The dosage is determined by your medical condition, response to the treatment, and any other medications you may be using.
If you do not observe an improvement in your symptoms, refrain from taking additional doses of this medication without consulting your doctor. In the event that your symptoms are only partially alleviated or your headache recurs, you may take another dose, but ensure at least two hours have elapsed since the initial dose. Do not exceed 10 milligrams within a 24-hour period, and some patients may be instructed not to surpass 5 milligrams in a 24-hour duration. Adhere closely to your doctor’s instructions.
If you are at an elevated risk for heart-related issues, your doctor may conduct a cardiac examination prior to commencing zolmitriptan. They may advise that you take your initial dose of this medication under medical supervision, in order to monitor for potential serious side effects like chest pain.
In cases where you are using medications to treat migraine attacks on 10 or more days each month, these drugs may potentially exacerbate your headaches, leading to medication overuse headaches. Do not exceed the recommended frequency or duration of medication use. Inform your doctor if you find it necessary to use this medication more frequently, or if you notice a decline in its effectiveness, or if your headaches worsen.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- feeling warm or cold
- dry mouth
- dizziness or faintness
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- pain, tightness, pressure, or heaviness in the chest, throat, neck, or jaw
- slow or difficult speech
- weakness or numbness of an arm or leg
- fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat
- bloody diarrhea
- sudden or severe stomach pain
- paleness or blue color of the fingers and toes
- shortness of breath
- swelling of the eyes, face, lips, tongue, or throat
- difficulty breathing or swallowing
- pain, burning, or tingling in the hands or feet
Before using zolmitriptan, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: blood circulation problems, certain types of headaches, heart problems, liver disease, seizure, stroke or “mini-stroke” (transient ischemic attack).
Certain conditions can increase your risk for heart problems. Tell your doctor if you have any of these conditions, including: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, family history of heart disease, overweight, smoker, postmenopausal (women), age more than 40 years (men).
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana can make you more dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely.
The risk of heart disease, liver disease, and high blood pressure increases with age. Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially increased blood pressure and heart problems.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Form and Strength
Zomig is available in the following forms and strengths:
What does Zomig do to the brain?
Zomig works by narrowing blood vessels around the brain, stopping pain signals from being sent to the brain, and blocking the release of certain natural substances that cause pain.
Does Zomig cause weight gain?
No, weight gain wasn’t a side effect reported in studies of Zomig.