October 25, 2016

What is Diabetes and What Causes It?

Filed under: diabetes,Health,obesity — Tags: , , , , , — jpestano @ 3:22 pm

Type 2 diabetesDiabetes affects approximately 29 million American and 8 million of that total are unaware that they have this disease. Diabetes is a group of disorders that occur through high blood glucose levels. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 caused by the body’s inability to make insulin, and Type 2 as a result of the body’s inability to react to insulin. In the human body, the pancreas is responsible for producing the hormone insulin. This hormone is responsible for regulating the transport of sugars that have been broken down so the body is able to absorb them. When cells are unable to react to insulin effectively, it usually means that a person is going through insulin resistance. People with Type 2 Diabetes experience this problem in large magnitudes.

There are numerous reasons by which a person could be diagnosed with this condition. For instance, mutated or defected DNA could be the cause that the cells are not able to produce or stimulate the release of insulin. Also, obesity is another major reason for Type 2 diabetes. Consumption of foods that are highly processed and have large amounts of carbohydrates causes multiple spikes in blood sugar levels. This adds pressure on the body to use insulin to control sugar in blood levels. The links between obesity and diabetes is well-documented; it has been recorded that “90% of people living with type 2 diabetes are overweight or [obese]” [1].

[1] Your Weight and Diabetes. Obesity Society. Retrieved From: http://www.obesity.org/content/weight-diabetes

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October 10, 2016

What Everyday Foods Help Control Cholesterol?

High cholesterol

Cholesterol is a waxy substance that is found over your entire body. It aids in the production of cell membranes, some hormones, and vitamin D [1]. There are two kinds of cholesterol: HDL (high-density lipoprotein) and LDL (low-density lipoprotein). LDL is often referred to as the “bad” cholesterol because it is difficult for the human body to break down its structure. On the other hand, HDL is often considered the “good” cholesterol which the human body consumes to remove cholesterol and plaque from the blood. A large build-up of LDL can cause the arteries to be blocked, which causes chest pain and heart problems.

There are many ways a person can lower their LDL levels and one of the simplest ways is by improving their daily diet. It is vital that a person with high LDL avoid foods high in saturated fats. Foods such as soy, avocadoes, salmon, garlic and spinach are all examples of ingredients that are good for someone trying to reduce their LDL levels.

For people who have high cholesterol, salmon and other cold water fish are especially effective, as they help lower LDL levels and increase HDL levels. Fish are also high in protein and a dinner staple for people with high LDL levels. Also, substituting the kind of oil used in cooking can make a difference in controlling cholesterol. Using avocado oil or olive oil is a much better option than using vegetable oil. Making slight variations like these makes a significant impact on your health as a whole.

Sources:

[1] Cholesterol, LDL, HDL and Triglycerides in Children and Adolescents. Stanford Children’s Health.  Retrieved from: http://www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/default?id=cholesterol-ldl-hdl-and-triglycerides-in-children-and-adolescents-90-P01593

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