Losartan is a medication employed to manage hypertension (high blood pressure) and safeguard the kidneys against harm caused by diabetes. It is also utilized to decrease the probability of strokes in individuals with high blood pressure and an enlarged heart.
By reducing high blood pressure, losartan helps prevent heart attacks, strokes, and kidney complications. Losartan is classified as an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), which operates by easing blood vessels, allowing blood to circulate more efficiently.
Uses and Dosage
Losartan is administered orally in tablet form, usually taken once or twice daily, with or without food. Take losartan at approximately the same time each day to facilitate adherence. Take losartan exactly as directed, without altering the dose frequency or quantity.
Initially, your doctor may prescribe a low dosage of losartan, which may be gradually increased over time.
If your child cannot swallow the tablet, consult your doctor or pharmacist who can offer a liquid formulation of the medication.
Although losartan manages high blood pressure, it does not cure it. During the first week of treatment, you may experience a decrease in blood pressure, but the full benefits of losartan may not be evident for three to six weeks. Even if you feel better, continue taking losartan, and do not discontinue use without consulting your physician.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- leg, knee, or back pain
- muscle cramps or weakness
- decreased sensitivity to touch
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
- difficulty breathing or swallowing
- chest pain
Prior to taking losartan, inform your physician or pharmacist if you have allergies, including to this drug or other substances in the product that may trigger allergic reactions or other complications. Your pharmacist can provide further details.
Before using this medication, discuss your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, especially if you have liver disease, dehydration, or elevated potassium levels.
This drug may cause dizziness. Consumption of alcohol or marijuana may exacerbate this side effect. Refrain from driving, operating machinery, or engaging in any activity that necessitates alertness until you can do so safely.
This medication may increase potassium levels in your body. Prior to using potassium supplements or salt substitutes containing potassium, seek advice from your physician or pharmacist.
Notify your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not recommended to become pregnant while taking losartan as it may harm the unborn fetus. If you conceive while taking this medication, speak with your doctor immediately regarding the medication’s advantages and disadvantages.
It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Form and Strength
Cozaar is available in the following forms and strengths:
Does Cozaar cause weight gain?
No, Cozaar isn’t known to cause weight changes.
Should I take Cozaar in the morning or at night?
The best time for many people to take Cozaar is in the morning. But you can take your dose at any time of day, as long as you’re consistent.