Olopatadine, in both its prescription form and nonprescription form, is a commonly used ophthalmic medication for alleviating eye itching resulting from allergies to pollen, ragweed, grass, animal hair, or pet dander. Classified as a mast cell stabilizer, olopatadine acts by impeding the release of substances that trigger itching of the eyes.
Uses and Dosage
Both prescription olopatadine and nonprescription olopatadine are available in liquid form to be administered directly into the eye. Typically, prescription olopatadine is applied once daily to the affected eye(s). In contrast, nonprescription olopatadine 0.1% is used twice daily, while nonprescription olopatadine 0.2% is applied once daily to the affected eye(s).
To ensure consistent use, olopatadine should be applied around the same time(s) daily. Olopatadine should be used exactly as directed, and neither more nor less of it should be used than prescribed by the doctor, and it should not be used more frequently than directed.
To administer the eye drops, the following steps should be followed:
- Thoroughly wash hands with soap and water.
- Do not allow the dropper tip to touch the eye or any other surface, and ensure that it is kept clean.
- Tilt the head back and pull down the lower lid of the eye using the index finger to form a pocket.
- Hold the dropper as close to the eye as possible without making contact, and brace the remaining fingers against the face.
- Squeeze the dropper gently to instill a single drop in the pocket created by the lower eyelid while looking upwards.
- Remove the index finger from the lower eyelid and keep the eye closed for 2-3 minutes while tilting the head down.
- Apply gentle pressure to the tear duct using a finger.
- Use a tissue to wipe off any excess liquid from the face.
- Wash hands to remove any residual medication.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- blurred vision
- eye burning, redness, or stinging
- dry eyes
- taste changes
- abnormal sensation in eye
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- eye pain
- vision changes
- eye itching that worsens or continues for more than 3 days after you begin treatment
Prior to commencing the use of any medication, disclose to your physician all pertinent information regarding your medical history, allergies, current medication regimen, pregnancy or breastfeeding status, and any other relevant details regarding your health.
Olopatadine eye drops may cause temporary blurred vision. Individuals should not engage in activities such as driving or operating machinery until vision has returned to normal.
If wearing contact lenses, it should be noted that the preservative in this medication can cause eye irritation and discoloration of the lenses. Remove contact lenses prior to the administration of drops, and wait at least 15 minutes before reinserting them. If experiencing redness, lenses should be removed and medical advice sought.
Pregnant individuals should not use this medication unless the potential benefits outweigh the risks. In the event of pregnancy while taking this medication, contact a healthcare provider immediately.
For lactating mothers taking olopatadine, there is a potential for the medication to be present in breast milk and potentially affect the nursing infant. Healthcare providers should be consulted to determine whether to continue breastfeeding.
Form and Strength
Pataday is available in the following forms and strengths:
Pataday eye drops:
olopatadine eye drops:
How long does it take for Pataday drops to work?
You can expect to see improvement in allergy-related eye itching and redness after your first dose. Pataday typically starts to work in about 30 minutes.
Does Pataday reduce inflammation?
Pataday is an antihistamine used to treat ocular symptoms of allergic conditions, such as inflammation.