Clomiphene belongs to a class of medications called ovulatory stimulants, and is utilized to stimulate the production of eggs in women who experience infertility due to a lack of ovulation.
This medication’s mechanism of action is similar to estrogen, a hormone primarily produced in females, which prompts the development and release of eggs in the ovaries. Clomiphene is commonly prescribed to women who desire to become pregnant.
Uses and Dosage
For clomiphene to be maximally effective, take it orally exactly as instructed by your physician. Adhere to your prescribed dosing regimen.
Your medical condition and response to treatment are used to determine your dosage. Do not take clomiphene more frequently or for a longer period than advised by your doctor.
This medication should not be taken for more than 6 cycles, and long-term treatment is not recommended.
For optimal results, you may be advised to keep track of your body temperature, conduct ovulation tests, and carefully time sexual intercourse.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- upset stomach
- breast discomfort
- abnormal vaginal bleeding
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- blurred vision
- visual spots or flashes
- double vision
- stomach or lower stomach pain
- stomach swelling
- weight gain
- shortness of breath
Prior to taking clomiphene, inform your physician or pharmacist if you have any known allergies or sensitivities to the medication or any inactive components. Inactive components have the potential to cause an allergic reaction or other adverse effects.
Before utilizing this medication, disclose your medical history to your physician or pharmacist, particularly if you have had ovarian cysts or enlarged ovaries unrelated to polycystic ovary syndrome, abnormal vaginal bleeding, liver disease, uterus complications, thyroid/adrenal gland issues, a tumor in the brain, or elevated levels of fats/triglycerides in your bloodstream.
The use of clomiphene may result in the delivery of multiple babies, such as twins or triplets. Consult with your physician for more information.
This medication may cause dizziness or vision changes. Alcohol or marijuana may intensify these side effects. Refrain from operating machinery, driving, or engaging in any activity that requires clear vision or alertness until you feel secure doing so.
When you become pregnant, stop using this medication. This medication should not be used during pregnancy. Inform your physician immediately if you suspect that you are pregnant.
It is unclear whether this medication passes into breast milk. This medication may reduce milk production. Prior to breastfeeding, discuss with your physician.
Form and Strength
Clomid is available in the following forms and strengths:
How long does it usually take to get pregnant on Clomid?
Approximately 7 out of 10 patients treated with Clomid will ovulate and 4 out of 10 will conceive. Most women who will ovulate do so during the first three months of treatment.
How many eggs will I release on Clomid?
Typically it causes 2 or 3 eggs to ovulate.