Solifenacin is prescribed to alleviate symptoms of an overactive bladder. By inducing relaxation of the bladder muscles, solifenacin enhances your ability to manage urination. It effectively reduces urine leakage, sudden urges to urinate, and frequent visits to the restroom. Solifenacin is classified as an antispasmodic drug.
Uses and Dosage
Solifenacin is available in tablet form and as a liquid suspension, both taken orally. Solifenacin tablets are typically taken once daily, with or without food, while the suspension is taken once daily. Take solifenacin at the same time each day to remember to take it. Do not take more or less solifenacin than prescribed or more often than instructed by your doctor.
Prior to use, shake the suspension well to ensure the medication is evenly mixed. An oral dosing syringe should be used to measure the accurate dose. The suspension can be swallowed directly from the syringe followed by a small amount of water or milk. Avoid taking the suspension with any other liquids or food to avoid a bitter taste.
The tablets should be swallowed whole and not broken, crushed, or chewed. They can be swallowed with water or another liquid.
Initially, your doctor may prescribe a low dose of solifenacin and adjust it during the treatment.
Solifenacin may assist in managing your symptoms but will not cure your condition. Continue taking it even if you feel better and do not stop taking it without consulting your doctor.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- dry mouth
- stomach pain
- upset stomach
- dry eyes
- blurred vision
- dry skin
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- constipation that lasts longer than 3 days
- painful or frequent urination
- bloody or cloudy urine
- back pain
- swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
- difficulty breathing or swallowing
- hallucinations (seeing things or hearing voices that do not exist)
- extreme tiredness
Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have any allergies, including allergies to solifenacin or inactive ingredients that may cause allergic reactions or other problems.
Prior to taking this medication, inform your doctor or pharmacist of your medical history, particularly if you have difficulty urinating, bladder problems such as blockage, gastric retention, personal or family history of glaucoma (angle-closure type), liver disease, bowel disease, slowed movement of stomach/intestines, constipation, kidney disease, enlarged prostate, or a certain muscle/nerve disease (myasthenia gravis).
This medication can cause drowsiness or blurry vision. The use of alcohol or marijuana can intensify drowsiness. Refrain from driving, operating machinery, or performing any activity that requires attentiveness or clear vision until it is safe to do so.
This medication may reduce sweating, making you more prone to heatstroke. Avoid activities that may cause overheating, such as strenuous work or exercise in hot weather or using hot tubs. During hot weather, consume plenty of fluids and wear lightweight clothing. If you overheat, look for a place to cool down and rest quickly. If you experience a persistent fever, changes in mood/mental state, headaches, or dizziness, seek medical help immediately.
Older adults may experience increased sensitivity to the side effects of this medication, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, or difficulty urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can increase the risk of falls.
During pregnancy, use this medication only when clearly necessary. Discuss the benefits and risks with your doctor.
It is unknown whether this medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Form and Strength
Vesicare is available in the following forms and strengths:
How long does it take for Vesicare to work?
Vesicare starts to relax the muscle in your bladder after 3 to 8 hours of taking your first dose. It can take up to 12 weeks to see the full effects.
What foods should be avoided when taking Vesicare?
Limit your intake of grapefruit or grapefruit juice while taking Vesicare. Side effects may get worse if you regularly consume grapefruit juice.