Latanoprost ophthalmic is employed in the management of glaucoma, a condition characterized by elevated pressure within the eye that can result in a gradual deterioration of vision. It is also utilized for ocular hypertension, a condition characterized by increased eye pressure. Latanoprost falls within the category of drugs known as prostaglandin analogs. Its mechanism of action involves reducing intraocular pressure by enhancing the drainage of natural eye fluids from the eye.
Uses and Dosage
Latanoprost is administered in the form of eye drops. Typically, one drop is applied to the affected eye(s) once daily in the evening. When using latanoprost alongside other topical eye medications, allow at least 5 minutes between each application.
Ensure you use latanoprost precisely as directed, refraining from using more or less of it or increasing the frequency beyond your doctor’s prescription.
Latanoprost effectively manages glaucoma but should be noted that it does not provide a cure. It’s crucial to continue using latanoprost even if you are feeling well. Never discontinue the use of latanoprost without consulting your doctor.
To administer the eye drops, the following steps should be followed:
- Thoroughly wash hands with soap and water.
- Do not allow the dropper tip to touch the eye or any other surface, and ensure that it is kept clean.
- Tilt the head back and pull down the lower lid of the eye using the index finger to form a pocket.
- Hold the dropper as close to the eye as possible without making contact, and brace the remaining fingers against the face.
- Squeeze the dropper gently to instill a single drop in the pocket created by the lower eyelid while looking upwards.
- Remove the index finger from the lower eyelid and keep the eye closed for 2-3 minutes while tilting the head down.
- Apply gentle pressure to the tear duct using a finger.
- Use a tissue to wipe off any excess liquid from the face.
- Wash hands to remove any residual medication.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- stinging, burning, itching, watering, or swelling of the eye
- redness of the eyelids
- dry eyes
Before using latanoprost, inform your doctor or pharmacist about any allergies you may have, whether related to latanoprost or other allergens. This product may include inactive components, such as preservatives like benzalkonium chloride, which have the potential to trigger allergic reactions or other complications.
Prior to using this medication, share your medical history with your doctor or pharmacist, especially if you have encountered other eye issues, such as macular edema, iritis/uveitis, lens extraction/aphakia, or a prior herpes infection of the eye.
In case of an eye infection, injury, or eye surgery, consult your doctor regarding the continued use of your existing bottle of latanoprost. Your doctor may recommend the commencement of a new bottle.
Following the application of this medication, your vision may temporarily experience blurriness or instability. Avoid activities like driving, operating machinery, or any tasks that demand clear vision until you can safely do so.
During pregnancy, use this medication only when deemed absolutely necessary. Discuss the potential risks and benefits with your doctor.
The passage of this medication into breast milk remains uncertain. To address any concerns related to breastfeeding, consult your doctor.
Form and Strength
Xalatan is available in the following forms and strengths:
Xalatan eye drops:
Does Xalatan need to be kept in the fridge?
You may keep the opened bottle in the refrigerator or at room temperature for up to 6 weeks.
How long can you use Xalatan?
You’ll usually use Xalatan for the rest of your life.