The combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid is a pharmaceutical treatment utilized for addressing specific bacterial infections, including ear infections, lung infections, sinusitis, skin infections, and urinary tract infections.
Amoxicillin belongs to a class of antibiotics known as penicillin-like antibiotics, which function by halting the proliferation of bacteria. Clavulanic acid, on the other hand, is a medication belonging to the beta-lactamase inhibitor class, which acts by protecting amoxicillin from degradation by bacteria.
Note that antibiotics are not effective in treating viral infections such as colds and flu. Overuse of antibiotics can increase the likelihood of developing future infections that are resistant to antibiotic treatment.
Uses and Dosage
Amoxicillin and clavulanic acid is available in various forms including tablets, chewable tablets, extended-release tablets, and a liquid suspension. Take the medication at the start of a meal, either every 8 hours for three times a day or every 12 hours for twice a day. Maintain a consistent schedule for taking the medication to ensure its efficacy.
Follow the instructions specified on the prescription label and to not alter the dose without consulting a healthcare professional. The extended-release tablets should be swallowed whole, while the liquid suspension should be shaken well prior to each use. The chewable tablets should be thoroughly chewed before swallowing, and the other tablets should be taken with a full glass of water.
Complete the entire prescribed amount of the medication, even if the symptoms improve, to ensure that the infection is completely treated and to prevent the development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- dry mouth
- irregular heartbeats
- tooth discoloration
- trouble sitting still
- trouble with sleeping
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- hives or welts
- itching of the vagina or genital area
- pain during sexual intercourse
- redness of the skin
- skin rash
- thick, white vaginal discharge with no odor or with a mild odor
Prior to treatment with this medication, inform your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have any known allergies, particularly to amoxicillin, clavulanic acid, penicillin, or cephalosporin antibiotics.
Provide your healthcare provider with a comprehensive medical history, including information about liver disease (including liver problems resulting from previous use of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid), kidney disease, or a specific type of viral infection (infectious mononucleosis).
If you have phenylketonuria (PKU) or any other condition requiring you to limit or avoid aspartame or phenylalanine in your diet, consult with your healthcare provider or pharmacist to determine the safe use of this medication, as it contains aspartame.
Please note that the use of this medication may interfere with the effectiveness of live bacterial vaccines (such as typhoid vaccine). Iinform your healthcare provider that you are using this medication before undergoing any immunizations or vaccinations.
During pregnancy, this medication should only be used if deemed necessary by your healthcare provider, after a careful evaluation of the potential risks and benefits. This medication is excreted in breast milk, consult with your healthcare provider before initiating breast-feeding.
Form and Strength
Augmentin is available in the following forms and strengths:
amoxicillin and clavulanate tablet:
Should you avoid dairy with Augmentin?
Avoid consuming antibiotics with fruit juices or dairy products as they may interfere with the absorption of the medication by the body. Take the drug exclusively with water.
Can I take Augmentin before sleeping?
Avoid consuming these medications immediately prior to sleeping, as this may result in esophageal irritation.