Hyoscine belongs to a category of pharmaceuticals classified as antispasmodics. It is utilized to alleviate spasms in smooth muscles found in the stomach, intestines, bladder, and urethra. By relaxing these muscles, hyoscine effectively mitigates spasms. Its injectable form is employed to address similar types of smooth muscle spasms that may arise during diagnostic procedures.
Uses and Dosage
The standard dosage for hyoscine tablets is typically one or two tablets per day. If taking this medication on a regular basis, the usual dosage is one tablet administered three to five times daily. The maximum daily dose is six tablets.
For injection, the typical dosage ranges from 10mg to 20mg given via intramuscular, intravenous, or subcutaneous injection. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 100mg.
Several factors can affect an individual’s required medication dosage, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and concurrent medications. Patients should not alter their dosage regimen without consulting their doctor if the recommended dosage differs from what is listed here.
Patients should swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water and avoid crushing or chewing them. Following the prescription provided by a healthcare provider is crucial. If a dose is missed, patients should skip it and resume the regular dosing schedule without doubling up on the medication.
Hyoscine should be stored at room temperature, protected from light and moisture, and kept out of reach of children.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- blurred vision that is temporary
- decreased ability to sweat
- dry mouth
- fast heartbeat
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- difficulty urinating
- dizziness or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position
- shortness of breath
- skin rash and itching
- vision changes
Hyoscine should not be taken if the individual is allergic to hyoscine butylbromide or any ingredients listed. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, rash, hives on the skin, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or other body parts. Always verify the ingredients to ensure safe use.
Individuals with fructose intolerance, myasthenia gravis, glaucoma, porphyria, confirmed or suspected bowel or stomach blockage, paralytic or obstructive ileus, megacolon, tachyarrhythmia, achalasia, or prostatic hypertrophy should not take hyoscine.
Patients should check with their doctor if they have any medical conditions or are taking other medications.
Pregnant or breastfeeding individuals should consult their doctor before taking hyoscine.
Hyoscine should not be administered to children under the age of six.
Form and Strength
Buscopan is available in the following forms and strengths:
How quickly does Buscopan work?
Buscopan works very quickly, and can begin to relieve stomach cramps within the first 15 minutes of taking the tablet.
Does Buscopan help with gas and bloating?
It helps to ease bloating and the spasm-type pain that can be associated with irritable bowel syndrome and diverticular disease.