Cyclosporine is utilized alongside other medications to forestall the rejection of transplants in individuals who have undergone kidney, liver, and heart transplant surgeries. Modified cyclosporine is employed either alone or in conjunction with methotrexate to address the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis in patients who haven’t experienced relief from methotrexate alone. Cyclosporine variations belong to a category of medications known as immunosuppressants, functioning to diminish the immune system’s activity.
Uses and Dosage
Follow your doctor’s instructions and take this medication orally, usually twice a day. You can choose to take it with or without food, but stick to one method consistently for each dose.
The prescribed amount depends on your weight, medical condition, lab results, and how you respond to the treatment.
While on this medication, avoid consuming grapefruit or grapefruit juice unless your doctor or pharmacist confirms it’s safe. Grapefruit can heighten the risk of side effects when combined with this medicine.
For optimal results, use this medication consistently. To aid your memory, take it at the same times daily.
It might require up to 4 months to experience the full benefits of this drug for treating rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis.
If your condition doesn’t improve (within 4 to 8 weeks for arthritis or 2 to 4 weeks for psoriasis) or if it worsens, inform your doctor.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention:
- increased hair growth on the face, arms, or back
- growth of extra tissue on the gums
- uncontrollable shaking of a part of your body
- burning or tingling in the hands, arms, feet, or legs
- muscle or joint pain
- pain or pressure in the face
- ear problems
- breast enlargement in men
- difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
Inform your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any serious side effects:
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- pale skin
- yellowing of the skin or eyes
- loss of consciousness
- changes in behavior or mood
- difficulty controlling body movements
- changes in vision
- purple blotches on the skin
- swelling of the hands, arms, feet, ankles, or lower legs
Before starting cyclosporine, notify your doctor or pharmacist about any allergies you have, including allergies to this medication. Inactive components in the product could lead to allergic reactions or other complications.
Prior to initiating this medication, inform your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history, especially if you have kidney disease, liver disease, high blood pressure, cancer, unexplained skin lesions, a history of radiation treatment, mineral imbalances, recent or ongoing infections, or elevated cholesterol/triglyceride levels.
This drug might induce dizziness. Alcohol or marijuana can intensify this effect. Refrain from driving, operating machinery, or engaging in activities requiring alertness until you can do so safely.
Be aware that this medication could contain alcohol. If you’re pregnant, breastfeeding, have liver disease, alcohol dependence, or any condition demanding alcohol restriction, exercise caution. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about the safe use of this product.
Cyclosporine may raise your vulnerability to infections or worsen ongoing infections. Avoid contact with individuals who have easily transmissible infections (such as chickenpox, COVID-19, measles, flu). Consult your doctor if you encounter an infection or require more information.
Prior to receiving immunizations/vaccinations, inform your healthcare provider about your use of cyclosporine. Steer clear of individuals who have recently received live vaccines (such as intranasal flu vaccine).
This medication might heighten your risk of developing skin cancer. Minimize sun exposure, and avoid tanning beds and sunlamps. Apply sunscreen and wear protective clothing outdoors. Your doctor might recommend avoiding phototherapy while using this product. Seek guidance from your doctor.
This product could elevate your potassium levels. Consult your doctor or pharmacist before taking potassium supplements or using salt substitutes containing potassium.
Elderly adults may face an increased risk of kidney problems or high blood pressure while using this medication.
During pregnancy, only use this medication if clearly necessary. It could potentially harm an unborn baby or lead to issues like premature birth or low birth weight. Discuss the pros and cons with your doctor.
This medication can pass into breast milk. Due to potential risks for the infant, avoid breastfeeding while using this drug.
Form and Strength
Neoral is available in the following forms and strengths:
Is cyclosporine Neoral a steroid?
No. Neoral isn’t a steroid or corticosteroid. It belongs to a group of medications known as immunosuppressants.
Is it safe for children to use Neoral?
Talk with your child’s provider if you have questions about whether Neoral is a good option for your child. There aren’t enough studies that look at the safety of using Neoral in children with organ transplants, rheumatoid arthritis, or psoriasis.